Continuing Education


"Book of Doves" by Nicholas Roerich, 1922



The Expressive Therapies Continuum and Parallels in Neuroscience, my big little project, will eventually be published by Routledge.  Writing this manuscript is an endeavor of unanticipated proportions (what big little project doesn’t come with unanticipated proportions?), and I’ve had to make a few sacrifices in the meantime.  Already working extra-full-time and contending with a lengthy urban commute, I decided to suspend the ABCs for Therapists’ continuing education workshops for now.  I haven’t gone away, though—I’m still available to present for your organization.  Click here for a list of the presentations and workshops I’ve given if you’re curious about past topics.


But back to the Expressive Therapies Continuum.  What is it, you ask?  The ETC is a pan-theoretical (meaning that it encompasses all psychological theories of change), developmentally integrative framework for using art in assessment and treatment.  It follows the course of information processing and mental image formation from subcortical/nonconscious to cortical/conscious.  Conceptualized in the ‘70s by ahead-of-their-time art therapy pioneers—and my graduate professors!—Drs. Vija Lusebrink and Sandra Kagin (now Graves-Alcorn), the ETC is structured around information processing at physical, emotional, and intellectual levels:

  • physical information processing = kinesthetic and sensory components (the K/S level)
  • emotional information processing = perceptual and affective components (the P/A level)
  • intellectual information processing = cognitive and symbolic components (the C/Sy level)


Uniting all these components is the Creative level (Cr), which integrates these different components of information processing.  A creative individual is able to generate resilient responses to stressors and situational demands by processing and organizing information from all these components simultaneously.  Assessment via the Expressive Therapies Continuum seeks to determine areas of imbalance and dysregulation (over-, under-, or blocked functioning of a component), and treatment via the ETC seeks to balance and regulate these areas by developing stronger connections between them and the other ETC components.  The schematic below is a visual tool for mapping out the relationships between the levels and components and guides ETC-trained art therapists in assessment and treatment on a client-by-client basis.

 basic ETC schematic


It is my passion to help others understand the power and the relevance of the Expressive Therapies Continuum in this age of neuro-informed psychotherapy.  Accordingly, I’ll be shifting the focus of ABCs for Therapists to align with this (did you notice the new header at the top of the website?), though this will take some time.  I’m writing a book, after all!  Thank you for your interest in and support of art based continuing education.  If you’re intent upon bringing more brain to your clinical experiences, you’re on the right track. 😊

About the Image on This Page

Book of Doves  was created by Nicholas Roerich in 1922.  The original work is in the public domain in the United States because its copyright has expired per US copyright laws; this may or may not apply to other countries as well.  Click here for more information.